Phenomenology is a qualitative approach to understanding the lived experience of the individual. There were primary contributors to phenomenological psychology which incorporated both differences and similarities which I believe that each aspect is significant with each of its own challenges and benefits when employing a phenomenological approach in psychological research. This is because answers could be accurate or skewed and inaccurate in translation or interpretation (Aagaard, 2017). Edmund Husserl was the primary contributor of developing philosophy as a rigorous science which incorporated the human experience as well as the physical world to be of equal necessity (Schneider, Pierson, & Bugental, 2015). Husserl studied under Franz Brentano whom originally provided the basis of phenomenology that focused on the intentional nature of the consciousness or the internal experience of being a person being conscious of something (Groenewald, 2004). Dilthey implanted that description instead of explanation was vital to identify the human conscious experience ((Schneider et al., 2015). From here, Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty then pioneered the phenomenological study of existence that was called existential-phenomenologists (Schneider et al., 2015). Sartre focused on human emotions, imagination, and the imaginary which was known as existential psychoanalyses (Schneider et al., 2015). Merleau-Ponty focused on neurophysiology, behavior, perception, intelligence, cognition, sexuality, and additional psychological topic (Schneider et al., 2015). Karl Buhler and Fritz Heider then utilized it to clinical psychology (Schneider et al., 2015). Dilthey, Husserl, and Heidegger were known for verstehende psychology which focused on empathetic understanding (Schneider et al., 2015).
Please respond to the above question using 250 words. Please also use at least 1 reference that is from a peer reviewed article or journal not a website reference. Please also cite the reference in APA 6th edition format.