TERMS: Eight are listed; six will be selected; five and only five must be
defined in the Bluebook.
First give a basic encyclopedic definition that answers who, what, where, and
(roughly) when. Then explain why the term is important in one to two
paragraphs, which should include:
• how it arose
• what it brought about
• its broader historical legacies
• how it reflects the major concept(s) of a weekly class unit. This is the
most critical component of your answer
Each term should take five to ten minutes.
1) American System
2) Daniel Shays
3) Erie Canal
4) Hartford Convention
5) Lowell System
6) Marbury v. Madison
7) Ralph Waldo Emerson
8) William Lloyd Garrison
ESSAYS: Four are listed; three will be selected; two and only two must be
answered in the Bluebook.
For full credit, address every element of the prompt and explain and support
each point with examples and details drawn from your textbook, primary
sources, and/or lecture notes (there is no need to cite, however).
Demonstrate your understanding, and do not list bullet points without
explanation. In terms of length, write about four to five paragraphs’ worth of
content—although the essay’s structure is up to you. Each essay should take
twenty to twenty-five minutes.
1) The Constitutional Convention met to address the weaknesses of the
Articles of Confederation.
A) Identify the major weaknesses of the Articles government.
B) Describe the principles of federalism and separation of powers and
how they were reflected in the new government outlined by the Constitution.
C) Explain how three large social groups failed to enjoy the “liberty” that
had been proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence
2) The ratification of the U.S. Constitution created a stronger national
government but did not end debate about that government’s proper role.
A) Explain Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist vision for his country and his
economic program as Secretary of the Treasury.
B) Outline Thomas Jefferson’s Republican response to Hamilton’s vision
C) Describe how Jefferson’s triumph in the Election of 1800 marks a
watershed in American political history.
3) Andrew Jackson transformed U.S. national politics as well as the
A) Explain the political changes that predated his 1828 campaign and
helped make his election possible.
B) What were President Jackson’s three chief political fights? Describe
them, and explain how each illustrates his general governing philosophy.
4) Antebellum southern society cannot be uncoupled from the institution
A) Explain the chief reasons why slavery survived after the War for
Independence and indeed expanded during the first half of the nineteenth
B) Describe the major effects of this survival and expansion across the
C) Outline the rich culture of African Americans under bondage.