This essay is having 4 different tasks, I want to get first two tasks in one day as they are past due. Those tasks are having topic selection and essay outline.
The other tasks can be submitted later so no rush. Everything is attached in the combined pdf. Please work according to that. Please do everything step by step in different files.
This essay is having 4 different tasks, I want to get first two tasks in one day as they are past due. Those tasks are having topic selection and essay outline. The other tasks can be submitted later
Essay Assignment BIOL 3600: Biological Diversity and S ustainability Step 1: Research ideas To brainstorm for ideas you can use sources such as: – Mongbay ’s news webpages https: //www. mongbay.com – Anthropocene Magazine http ://www. anthropocenemagazine.org/stories – Sc ience Daily https://www.sciencedaily.com/news/earth_climate/biodiversity Edi torials and articles from these sites may NOT always for m the references for your eventua l essay , but may give you good ideas for topics to research further using articles from peer -revi ewed journals. Step 2: Choos e Essay Topics From your previous searches choose three topics pertai ning to biodiversity , sustainability , conservation or climate science on which you might like to write your essay. Ideally the topic is broad enough that you will not have an issue finding several articles inv olving your to pic, but narrow enough that you wi ll be able to focus the writing of your essay. For each of your three topics , find one arti cle from a peer -revi ewed jour nal. Create a d ocument listing your th ree prospective topics along with a summary of th e accompanying article and a proper citation of your source. This document must be submitted to UMLearn by Jan. 19 th (11:30am) Feedback will be provided on your three choices. Fro m those deemed viable you can choose your single essay to pic. If none are deemed viable further discussions will need to be had. Make sure t o put so me thought into your choices in order to avoid this possibilit y and leave yourself the most time for the rest of the essay wri ting process. Some examples of topics with an associated citated jour nal article (summaries not in cluded) are listed below. Your choices are by no means l imited to these s ubjects , although you may choose one of these. This is mainly to give you an idea of what represents a viable topic. 1. Antarctic Climate Change Amesbury M.J., Roland T.P., Royles J. , Hodgson D.A., Convey P., Griffiths H., et al. (2017 ) Widespread biological response to rapid warming on the Antar ctic peninsula . Current Biology 27 , 1616 -1622. e2. 2. Boreal Forest Changes Chapin F.S., Callaghan T.V., Bergeron Y., Fukuda M., Johnstone J.F., Juday G., et al. (2004) Global Change an d the boreal forest: Thresholds, shifting states or gradual change? AMBIO: A Journal of the H uman Environment 33 , 361 – 365. 3. Coral Reef Resilience Nystr öm M. & Folke C . (2001) Spatial resili ence of coral reefs. Ecosystems 4, 405 -417. 4. De -Extinction and Parasites Selbach C. , Seddon P.J. & Poulin R. (2017) Parasites Lost: Neglecting a crucial elem ent in de -extinction. Trends in Parasitology 34 , 9 -11. 5. Emerging conservation chal lenges in Canada Coristine L.E. & Kerr J.T. (2011) Habitat loss, climate change, and emerging conservation chal lenges in Canada . Canadian Journal of Zoology 89 , 435 – 451. 6. Invasive Spec ies and Ex tinctions Didham R.K., Tylianakis J.M., Hutchison M.A., Ewers R.M. & Gemme ll N.J. (2005) Are invasive s pecies the drivers of eco logi cal change? Tren ds in Eco logy and Evolu tion 20 , 468 -470. 7. Past Climate Change and Biod iversity Nogu és-Bravo D., Rodriguez -Sánchez F., Orsini L., de Boer E., Jansson R., Morlon H., et al. (2018) Cracking the code of biodiversity responses to past climate change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33 , 765 -776. 8. Polli nators and ecosystem services Winfree R., Reilly J.R., Bartomeus I., Carivea u D.P., Williams N.M. & Gibbs J. (2018) Species t urnover promotes the import ance of bee diversity for crop pol lination at reg ional scales. Sci ence 359 , 791 -793. 9. Troph ic rewilding and climate ch ange Bakker E.S. & Svenning J. -C. (2018) Trophi c rewilding: impact on ecosys tems under global change. Philosophical Tra nsactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 373 , 20170432. The best way to source journal articles is to go through the Univers ity of Manito ba website ( www.umanitoba.ca/libraries ) and use their built in Webex search fil ter or the Google Scholar tab. Step 3: Essay Ou tline Draft an out lin e of your e ssay. The outli ne can be in point form, and not in complete sentences, but must highlight all the major ideas o f your essay in a logical order . This must include your proposed ti tle and an organization of your introduction, main b ody and conclusion and the ideas they will contain . For more information on the composition of these sections see the f ull guideline s for the structure of your essay below. Your outline must also incl ude the minimum of seven citations yo u plan to use for your essay. If you need further direction on how to con struct an outline , check out this websit e for helpful infor mation: http://scwrl.ubc.ca/student -resources/gu ideline -for -effective -writing – process/writing -ou tlines / This outline must be submitted to UMLearn by Feb. 2 nd (11:30am) Step 4: First Draft of Essay It sh ould cons ist of all the compone nts of a finished essay as detailed in the essay guidelines below (ie. Title, introduction, main body, conclusion and pro perly formatted citations). The more effort you put into t his first draft , the more likely you will get a good sc ore on the final submitted version which makes up the bulk of you r grade. This first draft will be reviewed by both your graders a nd your peers . I str ongly advise that you take adva ntage of these opport unities. The First Draft must be submitted to UMLearn by Mar. 2 nd (11:30am) . Additi onally , you must bring two printed co pies to class with you that day . It will be VERY IMPORTANT to attend class that day in order to be able to receive grades for the peer review portion of the essay assignment. Step 5: Peer Review In class on Mar . 2nd each student will be pa ired up with two other students in order to exchange physical copies of your first dra fts . You will be respon sible for reviewing and supplying comments on these documents to be ret urned to an d discussed with th ose students in class on Mar. 14 th. To learn more about the peer review pr ocess check out : https://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2001/04/pe er -review -techniques -novices You must also pre pare a document summarizing your comments and: Submit this to UMLearn by Mar. 16 th (11:30am) Step 6 : Revised Final Draft This revised final d raft of your essay must be accompanied by a d ocument resp onding to the c omments from your grader and both your peer revi ewers (ie. what you changed based on their comments, suggestions you did not take and justification as to why, etc.) This final draft must be submitted to UML earn by Apr. 4th (11:30am) Essay Guide lines 1. Every student is required to person ally write a con cise comment ary /review of th eir own topic. 2. The length of the essay should be between 2000 and 3000 words (excluding the title and the refer ences) . This me ans that in order to receive full marks the essay may be no less than 2000 words, but also no more than 3000 , and that ag ain references do not factor into this word count. 3. The essay should b e dou ble -spaced, with 1 -inch margins , and 12 -point fon t. An easily legible font must be used, such as Times New Roman, Arial, Calibri or Cambria. Essay For mat: Titl e (<15 words ) Specific , yet info rmative. Introduction (2 -3 paragraphs) The essay should begin with broad s tatements, explanations and definitions to orient the reader . Then it should begin to move into more specific ideas and issues , without yet getting into the details that will be covered in the main body. Expl ain why the subject is important (ie . ratio nale /justification for investigation) and how you will be approaching your discussion of the issue. Finish your introdu ction with a clear questi on /statement that will be addressed in the essay (note : do NOT pose it as a question ending in a question mark) Main body (majority of the essay) The main body of the essay should in clude at least five di stinct points/observations /conclusions that are related to the subject matter and most importantly the question /statement you en ded your introduction with . Subheadings may help you divide these ideas but are not strictly necessary . Please DO NOT simp ly summarize ea ch of your sources as a single paragraph . Ideas from all of your ci tations should be well integrated to address the points within your main body. Although you must be careful not to misinterpret the findings o f yo ur sources, the best way to write a scientific essay is to organize your ideas freely in your own words fi rst, and then bring in your citations to refine your wording and explanations / provide evidence. You should almost never put a source in direct quotations, but should always seek to paraphrase their wording (ie. put it in your own words , but giving them credit as it is not your “original ” idea ). Although re ference s can also appear in your intr oduction an d conclu sion, almost all sentences in your main body should be properly cited. Again, however, make sure to interpret the literature from your own perspecti ve and give the reader a sense of integration, development and focus. Conclusions (1 -2 paragraphs) The c onclusion is oft en a single paragr aph that functions as a consoli dated summary of the arguments, patterns and relationsh ips that you p resented in the main body . Thi s section should also conclude something related to your original question/statement. What is the overall sig nificance of your essay? What problems will still need to be addr essed? Suggests for future research or outcomes? References The ci tation format used in t his essay should be that which is used in the scientific journ al, Conservation Biology . The guidelines for autho rs using this particular format will be posted t o UMLearn. Make sure that you include properly for matted citations for a minimum of seven references from pe er -revi ew ed sources at the end of your essay, AS WELL AS following the prop er for mat for in -text citations. Other writing ti ps/issues Concerned about pla gia rism or unsure how to paraphrase? Follow this link for more infor mation on student conduct and acade mic integrity at this universi ty: http:// www.umani toba.ca/student/resource/acces sibility/files/AI -Student – Conduct -Tutorial /story_html5.mtml