Discussion 9: Systematic Review, assignment help

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper

PEER POST, REVIEW NEEDED 100 words and 1 Reference

Discussion 9: Systematic Review

The systematic review or practice guideline relies primarily on studies conducted in the last five years.

systematic review and meta-analysis on nonpharmacological interventions
for ADHD was conducted through the use of a common systematic research
and a rigorous coding and data extraction strategy across domains.
Sonuga-Barke et al. (2013) utilized electronic database to identify
published randomized controlled trials which involved individuals with a
diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This
study was published in The American Journal of Psychiatry in March 2013,
which was four years ago.

The review provides support for the importance of the study

objective on this systematic review and meta-analyses of
nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD of randomized controlled
trials on dietary and psychologic treatment is to bring to awareness
that there are such treatments available for ADHD, although their
efficacy remains uncertain.

The authors have used primary, rather than secondary sources.

Sonuga-Barke et al. (2013)
primarily utilized secondary sources due to the authors making use of
information previously researched regarding nonpharmacological
interventions for ADHD.

Studies are critically examined and reported objectively

The authors utilized randomized controlled trials including studies
with counterbalanced cross over designs published in peer reviewed
journals. The search was limited to published trials to ensure an
adequate level of methodological adequacy and rigor among included
trials with the purpose of avoiding bias and unpublished trials. The
authors utilized a common search strategy which is to utilize a broad
range of electronic databases such as Science Citation Index Expanded,
CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Social Sciences Citation Index, to name
a few (Sonuga-Barke et al., 2013).

systematic review or practice guideline is organized so that a logical
unfolding of Ideas is apparent that supports the need for the review

systematic review and meta-analysis regarding nonpharmacological
interventions for ADHD is very well organized and easy to read format.
In the very beginning of the article it includes the abstract which
summarizes the objective, method, results, and conclusions. Sonuga et
al., (2013) then proceed to providing background information about ADHD
and listing the nonpharmacological interventions. Moreover, the methods
section discusses the inclusion criteria, search strategy, outcomes
measure, study selection, data extraction, and statistical analysis.
Furthermore, the results were discussed and included dietary
interventions, and psychological interventions. Lastly, the discussion
and conclusion provided detailed information about the benefits of the
nonpharmacological interventions along with some statistics.

The systematic review or practice guideline ends with a summary of the most important knowledge.

The conclusion explicitly identified the main interventions along with their effectiveness.

Sonuga-Barke et al. (2013) identified that free fatty acid
supplementation produced a small but significant reduction in ADHD
symptoms even with probably blinded assessments. Additionally, there
were limitations in finding evidence to support the value of behavioral
interventions due to unblended studies and possible relationship with
those investing in treatment success. Furthermore, neurofeedback,
cognitive training, and restricted elimination diets demonstrated more
positive outcomes; however, evidence from blinded assessments is
required in order to be supported as treatments for ADHD (Sonuga-Barke
et al., 2013). This article mentioned that a challenge which will be
faced in the future is the ability to improve efficacy of
nonpharmacological interventions and understanding ADHD pathophysiology
while trying to integrate better interventions (nonpharmacological)
along with pharmacological interventions. There is an urgent need for
properly powered, randomized controlled trials which will include
blinded, ecologically valid outcome measures. Future trials should focus
across a broader range which includes the child, parent, and
family-related functional outcomes (Sonuga-Barke et al., 2013).


Sonuga-Barke, E. J. , Brandeis D, Cortese S, Daley D, Ferrin M, Holtmann M, … Stevenson J. (2013). Nonpharmacological
interventions for ADHD: Systematic review and meta-analyses of
randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(3), 275-289. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.12070991


Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts. Kindly click on ORDER NOW to receive an A++ paper from our masters- and PhD writers.

Get a 15% discount on your order using the following coupon code SAVE15

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper