Discuss the Community-Oriented Policing and Police-Community Relations

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Police-Community
Relations vs. Community-Oriented Policing

In reviewing the text, thoroughly explain the differences between
community-oriented policing and police-community relations. How do police-community
relations interact or associate with community-oriented policing? How did the
philosophical or theoretical changes happen over time?

 
The public era of cooperation with the community went through some changes
during the 1930’s to the 1960’s.  Police departments became more isolated
from the public and were not as involved in the community.  They would
respond to criminal activity but they did not intermingle with the public
 (Oliver, 2008).  From 1960 to 1985 police departments created the
police community relations which meant that the departments would still respond
to criminal activity as usual but now they would have more in depth contact
with the public  (Oliver, 2008).

 
After the mid 80’s police community relations began to change to what is now
community oriented policing.  This is where the programs adopted by the
department are then intermingled with the public.  An example would be to
host a crime prevention fair or carnival.  This would allow for the
community to see the policeman in a different view than just driving around in
a squad car.  Programs such as these would grow the participation of the
community; build trust from the community towards the officers and the
department.  It would also take the fear of crime out of the citizen’s
lives, as they police became an actual member of their community.

 
The changes in philosophy happened over time as the conditions of the
communities changed.  Departments recognized that they were more effective
when they were accepted within the community rather than just being located in
the community.  The benefits of winning over the public and actually
becoming part of their lives in the community would render many benefits. 
This would allow for better communities to live in, more effective police
departments and an all around better place to live.

References

Oliver,
W. (2008). Community Oriented Policing A Sytematic Approach To Policing.
New Jersey: Pearson
Education Company.

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