You are expected to provide two short essays demonstrating specific understanding of the mentioned theorists and concepts. In the body of your essay, you must use parenthetical citations from scholarly resources. Each essay should be equivalent to at least one single-spaced page. Full citations should be provided for all references used at the end of each essay, and you should use more than three references per question (scholarly sources like books, journals, and/or those listed below). Please note, each essay will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism.
Short Essay 1:
Please compare and contrast Plato and Aristotle’s view of politics as the exercise of reason and moral virtue. Be specific.
Short Essay 2:
Please compare and contrast Hobbes’s and Locke’s rationale for Man’s willingness to leave the state of nature and enter into the kind of social contract each presents.
Plato’s Political Philosophy http://www.iep.utm.edu/platopol/
Aristotle’s Political Philosophy http://www.iep.utm.edu/aristotl/#H7
Augustine’s Political Philosophy http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2010/entries/augustine/
Aquinas’s Political Philosophy http://www.iep.utm.edu/aqui-pol/
Aquinas: Life and the Three Summas parts on God, Ethics, Christ http://www.iep.utm.edu/aquinas/
Machiavelli’s Political Thought http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/
Hobbes’s Social Contract Theory http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/
Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy http://www.iep.utm.edu/hobmoral/
The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1232
Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/3207
John Locke, SEP, The Two Treatises Of Government http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke/#toc
John Locke, IEP, Two Treatises http://www.iep.utm.edu/locke-po/#H5
John Locke, IEP, Analysis of Locke’s Two Treatise http://www.iep.utm.edu/locke-po/#H6
Modern Social Contract Theory, John Locke http://www.iep.utm.edu/soc-cont/#SH2b
Second Treatise Treatise of Government by John Locke http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/7370