According to Keene (2013), “The railroads quickly emerged as the first big business, followed by steel and petroleum. All three industries pioneered in establishing modern business practices, but they also drew increasing criticism as Americans worried about their extraordinary power (p.469).” This was just a start to the basic industries of America’s industrial revolution. As America’s Industrial Revolution grew, the men who controlled them became successful. Keene (2013) stated, “First, the nation possessed enormous quantities of two essential ingredients for rapid industrialization: raw materials and cheap labor. Vast deposits of coal in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky, for example, provided a seemingly inexhaustible supply of inexpensive fuel to fire steam locomotives and factory machinery. Other plentiful resources included iron, lead, copper, silver, gold, wood, cotton, and oil (p.470).” As technology grew so did industrialization. Some early industrial inventions were the sewing machine, telephone, light bulb, and many other items. According to Keene (2013), “Some notable inventors, such as George Eastman (Kodak camera), William S. Burroughs (adding machine), Isaac Singer (sewing machine), Alexander Graham Bell (telephone), and Thomas Edison (incandescent light bulb, phonograph, motion picture camera, mimeograph machine, and more) became business giants. Less well known were the many women, immigrant, and African American inventors who filed thousands of patents in this period. For example, Jan Matzeliger, an immigrant of African and Dutch heritage from South America, invented a machine that simplified the most difficult and time-consuming step in making shoes (p.470).” The men who controlled these inventions were very successful because they helped America grow. Also, due to the inventions it allowed for goods to be made with ease. Immigrants helped industrialization in a way of providing cheap labor. Imperialism played a critical role leading to World War I because each side was in rivalry over how much land they owned. According to Alpha History (2017), “Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation-state seizes or controls territories outside its own borders (p.1).” There was a lot of events that led to the start of World War 1. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria started World War 1. According to History.org (2009), “On June 28, 1914, a group of conspirators from the revolutionary movement called Mlada Bosna (‘Young Bosnia’) carried out the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian heir presumptive, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife while they were visiting Sarajevo. Since the assassin, Gavrilo Princip and his 5 accomplices were Bosnian Serbs, the Dual Monarchy accused Serbia to stand behind the assassination. The event triggered the course of events that directly led to the outbreak of World War I (p.1).”
Imperialism as a cause of World War I. (2017, January 10). Retrieved from
Keene, J. D., Cornell, S., & ODonnell, E. T. (2013). Visions of America: A history of the United
States. Boston: Pearson.
10 Events that Led to World War I. (2009). Retrieved from https://historylists.org/events/10- (Links to an external site.)